Equity value, commonly referred to as the market value of equity or market capitalization, can be defined as the total value of the company that is attributable to equity investors. It is calculated by multiplying a company’s share price by its number of shares outstanding.
Alternatively, it can be derived by starting with the company’s Enterprise Value as shown below.
To calculate equity value from enterprise value, subtract debt and debt equivalents, non-controlling interest and preferred stock, and add cash and cash equivalents. Equity value is concerned with what is available to equity shareholders. Debt and debt equivalents, non-controlling interest, and preferred stock are subtracted as these items represent the share of other shareholders. Cash and cash equivalents are added as any cash left after paying off other shareholders are available to equity shareholders.